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Stay informed about our cutting-edge research with access to our latest scientific publications, conference presentations, and public outreach efforts.

Scientific Publications

2024

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Poels, K., & Pabian, S. (2024). The ecology of online hate speech: Mapping expert perspectives on the drivers for online hate perpetration with the Delphi method. Aggressive Behavior50(2), e22136. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.22136 

2023

Nkom, AA., Appiagyei-Atua, K., Coleman, TE., Allen, PC., Snyman, T., Besong, KD., & Mordi, J. (2023). A rights-based critique of cultural and religious intolerance against LGBTQIA+ persons in five African countries. African Human Rights Yearbook, 3-30, https://www.ahry.up.ac.za/nkom-aa-appiagyei-atua-k-coleman-te-allen-pc-snyman-t-besong-kd-mordi-j open access.

Rothmund, T., & Bojarskich, V. (2023). Verschwörungsglauben im politischen Denken und Handeln. In R. Imhoff (Ed.), Die Psychologie der Verschwörungstheorien (pp. 67–82). Hogrefe.

Nave, E. (2023). Hate Speech, Historical Oppressions, and European Human Rights, Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 29 (2022/2023): 83-145, https://digitalcommons.law.buffalo.edu/bhrlr/vol29/iss1/3/.

Nave, E. and Lane, L. (2023). Countering online hate speech: How does human rights due diligence impact terms of service?, Computer Law and Security Review 51: 105884, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2023.105884.

Nematy, A; Flynn, S; McCarthy-Jones, S.(2023). YouTube Commenters’ Discourse of Pedophilia: A Qualitative Social Media Analysis. Journal of Sexuality and Culture. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12119-023-10117-8 

Dellagiacoma, L. (2023). Hate Speech on Social Media Platforms: Evidence From the Victims’ and the Perpetrators’ Perspectives. In: Bergsmo, M. & Manocha K. (Eds.), Religion, Hateful Expression and Violence (pp.703 – 732). TOAP Publication Series No. 41 (2023). https://www.toaep.org/ps-pdf/41-bergsmo-manocha/ 

Khosravi Ooryad, S. (2023). Alt-right and authoritarian memetic alliances: global mediations of hate within the rising Farsi manosphere on Iranian social media. Media, Culture and Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/01634437221147633

Litvak, S., Kivivuori, J., & Kaakinen, M. (2023). Religion and Hate Crime Victimisation: A Representative Study of Young People in Finland. International Criminology 2023, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/S43576-022-00079-6

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Poels, K., & Pabian, S. (2023). Features for Hate? Using the Delphi Method to Explore Digital Determinants for Online Hate Perpetration and Possibilities for Intervention. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2022.0195.  
Open Access: https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/e4880e/features_for_hate_manuscript_uarepository.pdf

Academic Conferences

2024

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2024, February 8-9). Supporting Online Sexual Harassment Victims: Evaluation of A Supportive Communication Theory-Based Chatbot Reporting System.Etmaal 2024, Rotterdam, The  Netherlands, https://www.eur.nl/en/eshcc/research/etmaal-2024

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2024, February  8-9). It’s ok as long as it’s moral? Analyzing acceptance of uncivil comments in moralized online discussions about gender diversity and inclusivity. Etmaal 2024, Rotterdam, The  Netherlands, https://www.eur.nl/en/eshcc/research/etmaal-2024

2023

Burzan, M. (2023, December 6-8). Support services for victims of intersectional hate incidents: the case of LGBTQI international protection applicants and refugees in Ireland [Conference Presentation]. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 75: Rethinking and Constructing its Future Together, Ghent, Belgium, https://hrrn.ugent.be/conf2023/

Nave, E. (2023, October 18) Countering online hate speech: How does human rights due diligence impact terms of service? [Academic seminar presentation] European seminar series on Legal Issues Arising from NetworkS, https://www.lians-seminar.com/speakers.

Bojarskich, V., Yucel, M., Hahn, L., & Rothmund, T. (2023, July 23-26). Ideological Symmetries and Asymmetries in Moral Judgements of Toxic Online Comments [Paper presentation]. The 19th biennial meeting of the International Society for Justice Research, Munich, Germany. 

Bojarskich, V., & Rothmund, T. (2023, July 9-11). A Scoping Review on the Study of Ideological Symmetries and Asymmetries in Online Toxic Communication [Poster presentation]. The 2023 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Montréal, Canada. 

Dellagiacoma, L. (2023, July 10th). “The Empirical Links between Hate Speech Online & Hate Crime: a Systematic Review” [Conference Presentation]. International Society for Political Psychology (ISPP) Annual Meeting, Montreal (Canada) – Session 45: Hate Crime, Human Rights and Victimization – Link: https://ispp.eventsair.com/ispp-2023-annual-meeting/schedule.

Nave, E. (2023, June 7) Speaker in the panel titled “Content moderation at the infrastructure level and its impact on business and human rights”, organized by ARTICLE 19 at the RightsCon 2023 Edition.

Nave, E. (2023, May 4) Hate speech, historical oppression and European human rights [Conference Presentation]. International Seminar Hate Speech: How to Counteract?, University of Azores, Azores, Portugal, https://sites.google.com/view/hatespeechhowtocounteract/home-page.

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Cappon, E., De smedt, L., & Poels, K. (2023, February 2-3). Healing or hurting? Analysis of online sexual harassment victims’ support-seeking posts on Reddit and replies they received[Conference Presentation] Etmaal23, Enschede, Netherlands, https://www.etmaal2023.net

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2023, February 2-3). Controversial Debates –  a study of intolerant uncivil participation in online discussions [Research Escalator Conference Presentation]. Etmaal 2023, Enschede, The Netherlands, https://www.etmaal2023.net

2022

Nave, E. and Lane, L. (2022, November 24) Countering online hate speech in Europe through enhanced human rights due diligence responsibilities in the drafting of terms of service [Conference Presentation]. Digital Legal Talks 2022 Conference, Paper presentations “Regulating online content and preserving democratic values”, Utrecht, The Netherlands, https://www.sectorplandls.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/Full-program-DLT2022.pdf.

Dellagiacoma, L. (2022, November, 10 – 12). The empirical links between online hate speech and hate crime: a systematic literature review [Conference Presentation]. Workshop on Aggression, Workshop on Aggression (uni-jena.de) 

Bojarskich, V., & Rothmund, T. (2022, November 10-12). A Scoping Review on the Relationship between Political Ideology and Online Hatred [Paper presentation]. The 26th Workshop on Aggression, Jena, Germany. 

Snyman, T. (2022, October 18 – 19). ‘Sexual orientation’ and ‘gender identity’ as protected grounds against ‘hate speech’ within international human rights law [Conference Presentation]. International Workshop on Hate Speech – an Interdisciplinary Approach, Berlin, Germany, Hate Speech – International Workshops: Haifa and Berlin – Minerva Center for the Rule of Law under Extreme Conditions 

Dellagiacoma, L. (2022, October 18 – 19 ). Intersectional Analyses on the Exposure and Impact of Online Hate Speech [Conference Presentation]. International Workshop on Hate Speech – an Interdisciplinary Approach, Berlin, Germany, Hate Speech – International Workshops: Haifa and Berlin – Minerva Center for the Rule of Law under Extreme Conditions 

Trimborn, A. & Bokde, A. (2022, October 7). Grappling with Context in Neuroscientific Research: from Action Recognition to Hate [Conference Presentation]. Padua, Italy

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2022, September  10-15). What makes haters hate: A Delphi Study and Ecological Model on Risk Factors for Online Hate Perpetration [Conference Presentation]. DGPS Congress 2022, Hildesheim, Germany, https://www.uni-hildesheim.de/dgps2022/  

Bojarskich, V., & Rothmund, T. (2022, September 10-15). A Systematic Review on the Ideological Symmetries and Asymmetries in Online Hate Speech. In V. Bojarskich, L. Dellagiacoma, U. Schmid, & I. Weber (Chairs), Multi-Level Perspectives on Online Hate Speech: Digital, Ideological, and Perceptual Underpinnings of Toxic Online Communication [Symposium]. 52nd Congress of the German Psychological Society, Hildesheim, Germany. 

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2022, August 31). Report: Methods for reporting online sexual harassment. [Report], Link to the report

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2022, July). Talking about sexual harassment and receiving support in Reddit communities. [Conference Presentation]. International Conference on Social Media & Society 2022, Online, https://socialmediaandsociety.org/2022-2/2022-accepted-papers/

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2022, June). Talking about sexual harassment and receiving support in Reddit communities. [Conference Presentation]. ICA Regional Conference Computational Communication Research in Central and Eastern Europe, Helsinki, Finland, https://hse-scila.github.io/ica-conference/#program

Dellagiacoma, L., Geschke, D., Rothmund, T. (2022, June 09 – 10). Ideological attitudes as predictors of online hate speech [Conference Presentation]. Conference on Online Hostility and Bystanders, Aarhus, Denmark, Conference on Online Hostility and Bystanders.

Dellagiacoma, L., Geschke, D., Rothmund, T. (2022, June 09 – 10). Ideological attitudes as predictors of online hate speech [Conference Presentation]. Congress of the German Society for Psychology, Hildesheim Germany, Program – DGPs Congress 2022 (uni-hildesheim.de) 

Bojarskich, V., & Rothmund, T. (2022, June 9-10). A Systematic Review on the Ideological Symmetries and Asymmetries in Online Hatred [Paper presentation]. The Aarhus ’22 Conference on Online Hostility and Bystanders, Aarhus, Denmark. 

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2022, May  26-30). Ask the experts: Applying the Delphi method to determine risk factors and create an ecological model of online hate perpetration [Conference Presentation]. ICA Annual Conference 2022, Paris, France, https://www.icahdq.org/page/ICA2022 

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2022, February). A scoping review of technological tools for supporting victims of online sexual harassment. [Conference Presentation]. Etmaal van de Communicatiewetenschap 2022, Online, https://nefca.eu/etmaal/etmaal-2022/

Snyman, T. (2022, January 17 – 19). Recognising gender identity as an internationally protected ground against hate speech [Conference Presentation]. International Workshop on Hate Speech – an Interdisciplinary Approach, Haifa, Israel/online, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zdP2c9m54U&t=1544s

Dellagiacoma, L. (2022, January 17 – 19). Online platforms users and the perpetration of online hate speech: the opposite effects of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation [Conference Presentation]. International Workshop on Hate Speech – an Interdisciplinary Approach, Haifa, Israel/online, https://youtu.be/pxyRit4SgFU 

2021

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2021, November). ICT interventions to support victims of online sexual harassment A scoping review. [Conference Presentation]. World Anti-Bullying Forum 2021, Stockholm, Sweden, https://worldantibullyingforum.com/previous-forums/wabf-2021/

Weber, I., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., & Poels, K. (2021, November 1-3). Discussing expert perspectives on technological interventions to prevent online aggression[Workshop]. World Anti-Bullying Forum, Stockholm, Sweden, https://worldantibullyingforum.com/previous-forums/wabf-2021/ 

Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2021, November). Using co-design to create social media interfaces that help girls cope with online sexual harassment. [Conference Workshop]. World Anti-Bullying Forum 2021, Stockholm, Sweden, https://worldantibullyingforum.com/previous-forums/wabf-2021/

Public Outreach

2023

Freihse, C., & Bojarskich, V. (2023, August 15).The Online Hate Speech Interventions Map [Blog post]. The International Network for Hate Studieshttps://internationalhatestudies.com/the-online-hate-speech-interventions-map/ 

Bojarskich, V., Freihse, C., Brömme, N., Gleiß, H., & Rothmund, T. (2023, August 15). The Online Hate Speech Interventions Map [Online Application]. Network of Excellence for Training on Hate. https://nethate-itn.eu/applications/ 

Hate speech, human rights and content moderation. A 1,5H guest lecture by Eva Nave (2023, May 9) for the Fundamental Rights course, Bachelor’s Programme Social Sciences for Globalization, Università degli Studi di Milano (UNIMI), Milan, Italy.

Countering online hate speech in Europe through enhanced human rights due diligence responsibilities in the drafting of terms of service. A presentation by Eva Nave (2023, April 13) at the Laborattori ittineranti di Diritto internazionale, Università degli Studi di Milano (UNIMI), Milan, Italy.

*contested asterisks* – A deeper look at toxic narratives in social media posts about gender-inclusive language in Germany. A blogpost by Ina Weber (2023, March, 28) for the European Observatory of Online Hate (EOOH), https://eooh.eu/articles/contested-asterisks  

Help! A digital escape room game designed for players to learn and reflect on why they should be aware of online sexual harassment and how to react to online sexual harassment in their daily life. A game produced by Tan, Y., (2023, March) for The science fair Science is Wonderful!, https://scienceiswonderful.eu/

Hate speech, human rights and content moderation. A 2H guest lecture by Eva Nave (2023, February 15) for the Pre-University College course on Law and Technology, Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. 

Nave, E. (2023) European Workshop on Algorithmic Fairness [Workshop program committee], Winterthur, Switzerland, https://sites.google.com/view/ewaf23/committees?authuser=0

2022

Online sexual harassment what and where. A presentation was given by Tan, Y., (2022, December) for @NTIDOTE Expert Workshop on Evidence-Based Cyberviolence Policy in Europe. https://www.antidoteproject.be/projects/%40ntidote%3A–a-belspo-project

Methods for reporting online sexual harassment. A report by Tan, Y., Vandebosch, H., Pabian, S., Poels, K., (2022, August). https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/p92t4/

Online Hate Speech: from the effects on victims to the ideological motivations of perpetrators. Presentation by Laura Dellagiacoma (2022, June 21) within the Summer School of the Global-MINDS – European Master in the Psychology of Global Mobility, Inclusion, and Diversity in Society, University of Limerick. 

Religiously motivated hate speech against LGBTIQ+ people from the perspective of international human rights law (“IHRL”). A blogpost by Tegan Snyman (2022, March, 10) for International Gay/Lesbian Information Center and Archive (IHLIA), weblink

Hate Online through an Intersectional Perspective. An online presentation by Laura Dellagiacoma, L. (2022, February, 24) for the Women Council of Thuringia. Weblink: Hass im Netz – Ausmaß erkennen, Taten verfolgen, Prävention stärken | Landesfrauenrat Thüringen (landesfrauenrat-thueringen.de) 

Countering online hate speech – how to effectively protect fundamental rights? A presentation by Eva Nave (2022, January 17-19, online) at the International Workshop “Hate Speech – an Interdisciplinary Approach”, organized by the Minerva Center for the Rule of Law under Extreme Conditions at the University of Haifa in collaboration with Freie Universitat Berlin and Technischen Universitat Berlin, https://minervaxtremelaw.haifa.ac.il/2021/10/30/international-workshops-haifa-and-berlin/

2021

Countering online hate speech – how to effectively protect fundamental rights? A presentation by Eva Nave (2021, December 15-16, online) at the workshop “Method, methodology and critique in international law”, organized by the Asser Institute Center for International and European Law,  https://www.asser.nl/education-events/events/?id=4229

Bojarskich, V. (2021, July 9). Attitude and Behavioural Change in Online Hate [Mini-Workshop to Practitioners Working Against Online Hate in Germany].  Organized by Das NETTZ.

Countering online hate speech – how to effectively protect fundamental rights? A presentation by Eva Nave (2021, June 24, online) at the Fourth Annual Conference/Toogdag of the Netherlands Network for Human Rights Research (NNHRR) “Human Rights and Vulnerability”, participation in the panel on “Vulnerability and Human Rights in the Digital Age” convened by the NNHRR Human Rights in the Digital Age Working Group, https://www.asser.nl/nnhrr/events/annual-toogdag-2022/2021/

Countering online hate speech – how to effectively protect fundamental rights? A presentation by Eva Nave (2021, May 20, online) at the Annual Conference/ Toogdag of the research programme “Effective Protection of Fundamental Rights in a pluralist word”, edition titled “Legal regimes and social divides – radicalization, discrimination and exclusion”. 

Hate speech, cyberbullying and doxing. An interview of Eva Nave (online, 2021) for the Podcast series “Integrated Projects” created by students at the Leiden University’s Security Studies Bachelor’s degree, Leiden, The Netherlands.